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Master Bike Power Meter — Everything You Need to Know

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Imagine having a personal coach attached to your bike, constantly analyzing your effort and giving you real-time feedback. 

That’s exactly what a power meter does! By measuring the force you apply to the pedals and combining it with your speed, it calculates your power output in watts. It’s like having a superhero power gauge for your legs!

With a power meter, you can track your progress, set goals, and optimize your training regimen. It helps you understand your strengths and weaknesses, allowing you to adjust your effort for maximum efficiency. 

Plus, it adds a whole new level of precision to your rides, helping you avoid burnout and optimize your energy distribution.

So, whether you’re chasing personal records, conquering challenging climbs, or simply aiming to improve your fitness, a bike power meter is your secret weapon for unlocking your true cycling potential. 

Strap one on, and let the power meter be your guide to reaching new heights on two wheels!

What is a Bike Power Meter

Bike Power Meter

A bike power meter is a sophisticated device designed to measure the power output generated by a cyclist while riding. It provides real-time data that accurately quantifies the amount of energy expended in watts. 

By measuring the force applied to the pedals and combining it with cadence, speed, and other variables, the power meter offers precise insights into a cyclist’s performance, efficiency, and progress over time. 

It is typically integrated into the crankset, pedals, or hub of a bicycle, using strain gauges, accelerometers, or other advanced sensor technologies to capture the necessary data. 

This information is then transmitted to a cycling computer or smartphone, allowing riders to monitor their power output, optimize training, analyze performance, and set ambitious goals. 

The bike power meter has become an essential tool for professional cyclists, triathletes, and serious enthusiasts, as it provides objective and actionable data to maximize training effectiveness and achieve peak performance on the road or in competition.

What is the Meaning of Watts in Relation to Bicycle

Watts represents the energy required to propel a mass a specific distance within a defined time frame. When it comes to cycling, this mass refers to you and your bike, while the distance is the ground covered.

However, moving a bike introduces a complex scenario due to its varying resistance to motion. To put it simply, power can be calculated by multiplying force and velocity.

Understanding how a power meter functions lies in applying this equation to a specific component of the bike, whether it’s the bottom bracket axle, crank, hub, pedal axle, or others.

Accurately measuring this force poses a significant challenge for power meter manufacturers, who meticulously consider even the tiniest details, such as gauge placement, gauge quality, and the temperature of the measured material. 

These factors play a pivotal role in ensuring precise measurements and reliable performance.

Factors to Consider When Buying a Bike Power Meter

When it comes to acquiring a power meter for your bicycle, there is currently a greater variety of options available than ever before, spanning different price ranges. 

Consequently, selecting the most suitable power meter for your requirements can be challenging.

However, if you make a wise choice, you can expect several years of dependable performance. Fortunately, I am here to assist you in achieving precisely that.

1. Do You Really Need a Power Meter

Power meters are currently extremely popular and are arguably a technological advancement that has revolutionized road cycling. However, is it truly necessary for you to have one?

First and foremost, a power meter is a tool specifically designed to enhance training and racing. 

If you have no intention of engaging in targeted training sessions, assessing your fitness through tests such as FTP (Functional Threshold Power) or Critical Power, or utilizing it for pacing during races or long rides, then the investment in a power meter may not be justified.

Of course, it is possible that your sole motivation is to understand how your power output compares to that of others, and there is nothing inherently wrong with that desire.

2. How Power Meters Work 

Power meters typically operate by employing strain gauges to measure the force exerted on a specific component, such as the pedal axle, crank arm, or spider. 

This force measurement is then multiplied by the angular velocity (or cadence) of that component to derive the power output. As previously mentioned, power is quantified in watts.

The collected data is wirelessly transmitted to a head unit using the ANT+ wireless frequency, and some power meters also incorporate Bluetooth functionality for pairing with a smartphone.

In terms of usability, most power meters are relatively straightforward. Upon initial use, you pair the power meter with your head unit, and from there, it becomes a seamless process. 

Subsequent rides will prompt the head unit to automatically recognize and retrieve data from the power meter as soon as you start cycling.

However, it is important to note that most power meters require periodic zero-offset calibration. This ensures that the power meter registers a reading of zero when no torque is applied to the pedals.

3. Bike Power Meter Types 

If you have made the decision to acquire a power meter, the initial consideration is determining its placement on your bike. Typically, the most common options are crank, spider, and pedal power meters.

The type of riding you engage in and the compromises you are willing to make regarding bike components will significantly narrow down your choices.

If you only require power data for a road bike, the options are extensive. However, if you intend to use the same power meter across multiple bikes and various disciplines, your options become more limited.

For instance, a power meter designed specifically for road bike pedals would not be ideal for use on a gravel bike or mountain bike.

In the end, there will always be some degree of compromise associated with each power meter, as there is no universal solution that fits every bike and type of riding.

Let’s compare a crank-based power meter and spider-based power meter to a pedal-based power meter as an example. Pedal threads are generally standardized across cranksets, allowing pedal-based power meters to be attached to almost any bike without requiring modifications.

Conversely, a crank-based or spider-based power meter might necessitate swapping the bottom bracket on your bike to ensure compatibility with the new axle.

If you have multiple bikes on which you wish to measure power, the cost of converting them all to the same bottom bracket standard could quickly accumulate.

Furthermore, swapping cranks between bikes takes a few extra minutes compared to pedals, and the bolt-circle diameter might be too large for use on a mountain bike if you prefer using chainrings smaller than 34 teeth.

However, when it comes to pedal-based power meters, you are limited to using the pedal body types that are compatible with the power meter. 

Some models may only support a single road pedal standard, and even for those with interchangeable pedal bodies, not all cleat and pedal systems are accommodated.

4. Head Unit

After acquiring a power meter, you will require a device to capture and display the transmitted data.

Although several power meter brands provide dedicated apps for recording data on a smartphone, using a dedicated cycling computer with ANT+ compatibility is a preferable choice. Many top-notch bike computers support this connectivity.

If you intend to monitor your data during rides, having a cycling computer with a reasonably large screen can be advantageous. It allows for a more comfortable viewing experience and prevents information overload caused by cramming multiple data fields onto a single page. 

You don’t want to spend your entire ride fixated on your stem.

5. How Much Should You Spend on a Power Meter

While the increasing competition in the market has generally led to a decrease in prices, a power meter still represents a substantial investment.

Like any product, opting for cheaper options often entails compromises compared to more expensive alternatives.

Many power meter brands offer single-sided power meters as a compromise. These power meters measure the power output of a single leg and then double that figure to estimate total power. Since they require fewer electronics, they tend to be significantly cheaper.

As a result, true dual-sided power meters are typically the more expensive options, while spider-based power meters often fall in the middle price range. However, this is not always the case.

The main drawback of single-sided power meters lies in their reliance on your left/right power balance to determine total power accuracy. Any imbalance introduces a margin of error, reducing the precision of your metrics.

To illustrate, if your right leg is stronger than your left, but you have a left-only power meter, it will underestimate your total power (and vice versa).

This not only diminishes the accuracy of your performance data, including personal records, training load, and calories burned, but it can also put you at a disadvantage in a Zwift race unless you have another more accurate power source, such as a high-quality smart trainer.

Ultimately, the significance of this compromise will depend on your specific requirements for a power meter and how much you are willing to invest.

6. What Data do you Need 

Fundamentally, every power meter should provide precise and dependable power and cadence measurements.

However, in addition to these core features, numerous power meters now incorporate a variety of advanced metrics. These may include insights into left/right power balance, pedal smoothness, and torque effectiveness. 

Now, let’s delve into the significance of these additional metrics.

Left/Right Power Balance

The left/right power balance is a measurement or estimation (depending on the specific power meter used) of the power contribution from each leg in relation to the total power generated. Typically, this information is displayed as a percentage split on head units.

True dual-sided power meters consist of two separate power meters that independently measure the power output of each leg. The data from both legs is then combined to provide an accurate measurement of total power.

If you have a significant imbalance, which could be due to factors such as injury or improper bike fit, a dual-sided power meter can help you identify and target areas for improvement.

It is important to note that humans are generally asymmetrical, so having a left/right power imbalance is not uncommon. Additionally, the left/right balance is a dynamic parameter that can change from second to second based on variables like effort level and riding position.

This is where single-sided power meters may introduce an additional and unknown margin of error since they rely on estimating total power based on the power measurement from a single leg.

Pedal Smoothness

Pedal smoothness refers to the measurement of how force is applied consistently throughout a complete 360-degree rotation of the crank.

In an ideal scenario, a perfectly smooth pedal stroke would distribute power evenly throughout the entire rotation, resulting in a pedal smoothness reading of 100 percent. Separate scores are assigned to each leg. 

However, most cyclists typically achieve pedal smoothness readings ranging from 10 to 40 percent.

While some claims suggest that improving pedal smoothness can enhance performance, attaining a pedal smoothness score of 100 percent is not necessarily desirable.

The reason behind this is that the downward stroke should generate the majority of the force to maximize the engagement of the major muscle groups in the lower body, namely the glutes, and quadriceps.

Torque Effectiveness

Torque effectiveness is a metric that quantifies the percentage of generated force (torque) that contributes to propelling the pedal or crank arm forward. 

Similar to pedal smoothness, this measurement is performed individually for each leg and represented as a percentage.

If both legs achieve a torque effectiveness of 100 percent, it indicates that all applied effort is effectively utilized to drive the pedals forward. However, achieving this level of efficiency is challenging in real-world scenarios.

According to Matt Rowe, a renowned cycling coach from Rowe and King cycle coaching, torque effectiveness above 60 percent is a worthwhile goal. Regardless of your current level, it is suggested that improving this metric may enhance the efficiency of your pedal stroke.

7. Post-Ride Analysis

After completing your ride, it is important to have access to dedicated software in order to review the collected data. Fortunately, there are numerous options available to choose from.

These software programs enable you to calculate your training load, track calorie expenditure, examine personal records, and much more. The list of metrics to track and evaluate is virtually endless.

Users of Garmin Edge cycling computers, for instance, can utilize Garmin Connect, the company’s online platform. 

This free service presents a wide range of metrics in a user-friendly format and provides insights into your current fitness and training load through its Training Status feature.

Strava also offers a comparable package; however, these features are exclusively accessible to subscribers of their premium service.

Individuals working with professional cycling coaches may find TrainingPeaks to be the most beneficial option. This service offers a comprehensive selection of in-depth analysis tools for both you and your coach to monitor your fitness levels. Additionally, your coach can schedule future workouts via the platform.

For those who prefer open-source software (free of charge!), Golden Cheetah provides an offline software package that incorporates an extensive range of data analysis tools. 

While the user interface may not be as modern as some online or premium tools, it is a powerful program that offers remarkable functionality.

Why are Best Bike Power Meters Always Expensive

The power meter market offers a wide range of options, contributing to their growing popularity and increased sales, resulting in more competitive pricing. 

However, it’s important to recognize that power meters are still an evolving technology, and this development is reflected in their pricing.

Based on my experience, the adage “you get what you pay for” applies to power meters. 

The best power meter is the result of significant research and development efforts, ensuring consistent accuracy, durability against external forces and harsh conditions, and the development of reliable supporting software.

Entry Level – Typically priced between £250-£400/$300-$500

In this price range, you can expect single-sided measurements that estimate power output for both legs by doubling the reading. Examples in this category include Stages 105 cranks, 4iiii, and the previous generation Garmin Vector 3 single-sided power meter.

Mid-Level – Typically priced between £550-£800/$700-$1,00

The mid-price range introduces pedal-based systems and dual-sided power meters, providing more comprehensive measurements. Crank and chainring systems also become available, appealing to professional athletes. An excellent example in this range is the Favero Assioma pedals.

Top End – Priced at £900/$1,200 and above

At the top end of the market, you’ll find dual-sided measurement capabilities and advanced crank and spindle-based systems. Prominent examples in this category include the Rotor 2InPower and SRM power meters.

Is Adding a Bike Power Meter to Your Bike Worth it

I strongly believe that adding precision to your training is paramount to achieving the next level of performance. 

While it may be relatively easy to attain precision when working out indoors on a stationary bike or using a smart trainer, it can pose a challenge when riding outdoors.

Considering the compelling studies that highlight the significance of interval training and VO2 max-focused workouts, there is simply no substitute for having precise knowledge of your wattage while riding. 

The most effective and reliable means to accomplish this is by utilizing a power meter. By equipping yourself with a power meter, you gain the ability to monitor and track your exact wattage output during outdoor rides. 

This invaluable information empowers you to optimize your training, allowing you to target specific intensity levels and tailor your workouts accordingly.

Don’t compromise on precision. Embrace the advantages of a power meter to enhance your training and unleash your true potential.

Best Power Meters for Bikes to Use in 2023 

1. Favero Assioma Duo Power Meter Pedals


Type: Power meter pedals

Accurate power readings and rechargeable battery

Cleats aren’t the best

Experience the precision and reliability of the Favero Assioma Duo power meter pedals. 

Designed with cutting-edge technology, these pedals deliver consistently accurate power readings for both your left and right sides, ensuring unparalleled performance regardless of which bike you choose to ride.

Unlike other power meter pedals that rely on coin cell batteries, the Favero Assioma Duo features rechargeable batteries with an impressive 50-hour battery life, eliminating the hassle of constantly replacing batteries.

To enhance your cycling experience further, Favero provides its own dedicated smartphone app. 

With this app, you can effortlessly update the pedal firmware, monitor battery levels, and access comprehensive product support, ensuring you always have the latest features and assistance at your fingertips.

In addition to their technological prowess, the Favero Assioma Duo pedals come with their own cleat system, akin to look. While they offer exceptional compatibility, it’s important to note that the cleats may lack extensive adjustability and can be slightly slippery to walk on.

2. Garmin Rally RS200 Power Meter Pedals


Type: Power meter pedals

Best-in-class cleat compatibility and accurate data

Premium price tag

Introducing the revolutionary Garmin Rally RS200 Power Meter Pedals. These exceptional pedals stand out as the first-ever power meter pedals compatible with Shimano SPD-SL cleats, making them a perfect choice for cyclists already utilizing Shimano road pedals.

Through my comprehensive testing, I have confirmed the RS200 Rally pedals provide highly accurate readings. 

While there is a slight delay of a few seconds before the pedals start transmitting data, this minor aspect only becomes relevant in scenarios where timing is crucial, such as track or hill climb cycling.

While the price tag may initially give pause to some, it is important to note that it is comparable to other bike power meters on the market. However, what truly sets the Garmin Rally RS200 apart is its position as a leader in its class, delivering unparalleled performance and functionality.

Experience the innovation and reliability of the Garmin Rally RS200 Power Meter Pedals, empowering you to enhance your cycling journey like never before.

3. Quarq DFour DUB Power Meter


Type: Power meter spider

Compatible with most drivetrains

Accurate and reliable power and cadence data

Discover the exceptional Quarq DFour DUB Power Meter, a spider-based marvel seamlessly integrating with SRAM’s DUB crank and bottom bracket system.

Benefitting from SRAM DUB’s remarkable compatibility with various drivetrains, this cycling power meter effortlessly integrates with virtually all drivetrains available in the market, ensuring a hassle-free installation process. Just ensure that you have the appropriate bottom bracket for optimal performance.

The Quarq DFour DUB power meter excels in measuring the total power generated by both legs, delivering precise and reliable readings during my testing. Additionally, its cadence readings proved to be equally accurate. 

While there was a slight delay of a few seconds before the cycling computer picked up the data, it was a minor inconvenience.

While this power meter may not possess the same array of advanced features as some competitors, it provides all the essential data that most cyclists require to elevate their performance.

Unleash the power of the Quarq DFour DUB Power Meter today and gain access to the vital information you need for an enhanced cycling experience.

4. Stages Power LR Shimano Ultegra R8000 Power Meter


Type: Power meter crank

Maintains the same front-shifting performance as Shimano

No dual-sided SRAM or Campagnolo cranksets

Experience the Stages Power LR Shimano Ultegra R8000 Power Meter, meticulously crafted to seamlessly integrate with the renowned Shimano Ultegra R8000 groupset while preserving the exceptional shifting performance of standard Shimano cranksets.

During testing, this dual-sided power meter proved its reliability, delivering data that aligned with other best power meters in the industry. 

It is worth mentioning that pedaling with a single leg resulted in a slight delay in data feedback, primarily affecting cyclists engaged in specialized one-legged drills.

Each crank arm of the Stages Power LR Shimano Ultegra R8000 Power Meter houses a coin cell battery, effectively powering the individual components of the power meter. These batteries are easily replaceable, and the robust casing ensures optimal protection against water infiltration.

It is important to note that the left/right dual-side power meter option from Stages is exclusively compatible with Shimano cranksets and not available for SRAM or Campagnolo cranksets.

So, unlock the full potential of your cycling performance with the Stages Power LR Shimano Ultegra R8000 Power Meter, providing you with unparalleled accuracy and convenience for an enhanced riding experience.

5. Verve InfoCrank Classic Power Meter


Type: Power meter crank

Accurate power data and robust build quality

No Bluetooth support, and relatively heavy

Embrace the exceptional performance of the Verve InfoCrank Classic Power Meter, meticulously designed with the brand’s own robust crank arms, ensuring durability and reliability.

When it comes to data accuracy, the Verve InfoCrank Classic power meter shines, delivering consistent and faultless performance throughout my rigorous testing, with no instances of data dropouts.

With a remarkable sample rate of 256 hertz, this power meter offers an incredibly detailed analysis of your power output, surpassing the needs of most individuals. 

Furthermore, it eliminates the need for frequent zero-offsets, except during initial installation on a new bike or after battery replacement, making it a hassle-free option for cyclists.

The power meter is powered by four coin cell batteries, with two located in each arm, providing an impressive battery life of up to 500 hours, ensuring uninterrupted usage for extended periods.

While the cranks themselves may be slightly heavier, the Verve’s own chainrings may not offer the same shifting performance as Shimano. 

Overall, the Verve InfoCrank Classic Power Meter remains a reliable, robust, and hassle-free tool that delivers accurate data, truly elevating your cycling experience.

6. Wahoo PowrLink Zero Power Meter Pedals


Type: Power meter pedal

Trustworthy power recording

Only one type of pedal body is available

Introducing the Wahoo PowrLink Zero Power Meter Pedals, a groundbreaking addition to the Speedplay range that brings watt measurement capabilities to the forefront.

Through my comprehensive testing, I confirmed the accuracy of the power data provided by these pedals, demonstrating their competitive performance compared to other leading power meters on the market.

However, it’s important to note that the PowrLink Zero Pedals focus solely on left/right balance and do not provide advanced power metrics such as pedal smoothness and torque effectiveness.

Installing the pedals and establishing connections with apps and bike computers is a seamless process, offering convenience and ease. However, setting up and adjusting the Speedplay cleats may present some challenges. 

It’s worth considering that replacing the cleats can be costly.

Existing users of the Speedplay system will appreciate the wide range of float options offered by these pedals. However, newcomers to this pedal system may find clipping in and out to be initially unintuitive.

7. Power2Max NG Road Power Meter


Type: Power meter spider

Highly customizable option for road and off-road bikes

Generally accurate, but zero-offset function unreliable

Experience the versatility of the Power2Max NG Road Power Meter, a modular and spider-based system that allows seamless integration with a wide range of cranks and chainrings, catering to both on-road and off-road cycling needs. 

With excellent battery life and one of the industry’s best warranties, this power meter offers a compelling package.

While the Power2Max NG Road Power Meter may appear impressive on paper, my testing revealed a few minor limitations that hinder its overall performance.

In general, the power meter is user-friendly and reliable. However, I encountered some issues with the zero-offset function and occasional power spikes. 

While these spikes did not significantly undermine our confidence in the data, as it was generally accurate, they could be frustrating during shorter intervals.

Although there are many positive aspects to appreciate in this power meter, it’s important to acknowledge that there are alternative options available in the market that may offer similar performance without the limitations I experienced.

Bike Power Meter — Final Words

A bike power meter is a game-changer for cyclists of all levels. It provides accurate and real-time data on your power output, enabling you to train smarter and ride better. 

By incorporating a power meter into your cycling routine, you’ll gain valuable insights into your performance, optimize your training efforts, and achieve your goals more efficiently.

Remember, a power meter is not just a gadget; it’s a tool that empowers you to understand your body and become a stronger, more efficient cyclist. Use it to measure progress, track improvements, and challenge yourself to reach new heights. 

Embrace the data, but don’t forget to enjoy the pure joy of riding your bike.

So, whether you’re a competitive athlete aiming for the podium, a recreational rider seeking personal growth, or someone who simply loves the thrill of cycling, a bike power meter is your trusty companion on the road to success. 

Unleash the power within and let your pedal strokes pave the way to greatness!

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Bike Power Meter — Frequently Asked Questions

Do Bike Power Meters Measure Cadence? 

Absolutely! Regardless of whether you utilize bottom bracket-based power meters, the accompanying software will always provide the functionality to measure your cadence. 

This is essential as cadence data is crucial for the power meter to accurately calculate and determine your power output.

How Accurate are Bike Power Meters?

While power meters generally exhibit a high level of accuracy, their responsiveness in accurately tracking power variations as you increase or decrease is often the true test. Once a stable power output is achieved, modern power meters tend to excel in maintaining accurate tracking.

Most of the aforementioned power meters have demonstrated the ability to track power within a remarkable margin of 1.5% of the actual power output. 

When compared to other devices like the Saris H3 smart trainer with a 2% margin or the Tacx Flux 2 with a 2.5% margin, power meters consistently prove to be a superior choice for non-professional cyclists to monitor their power. 

This holds true for most scenarios unless, of course, you happen to have access to a laboratory.

Is a Bike Power Meter Compatible with a Triathlon Watch or App, like a Garmin or Polar?

In most cases, when purchasing recent models of both the power meter and the smartwatches, they tend to be compatible and work seamlessly together. While some initial setup time may be required, potential complications arise when attempting to pair an older power meter with a new smartwatch or vice versa. 

However, to ensure compatibility, it is advisable to review the specifications of the specific models under consideration. The specifications typically provide clear guidance regarding compatibility, helping you make an informed decision and avoid any uncertainties.

Does a Bike Power Meter Add Weight to a Bike?

Absolutely not. In the past, using a power meter may have involved adding cumbersome gadgetry to your bike, giving you pause. However, the landscape has changed significantly. Modern cycling power meters are designed to seamlessly integrate with the bike’s components, making them virtually indistinguishable. 

So, embrace the convenience and unobtrusive nature of contemporary power meters today, which allow you to focus solely on your ride.



I am a passionate, adventurous cyclist and my biking philosophy is to have fun, I felt the need to share my knowledge and learn more about bikes. I always ensure I adhere to all road rules. I hope that you will give biking a try. It’s a great way to get fit and have fun.

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