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Biking Marathon — What Is It & How to Win Big In It

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In the exhilarating world of endurance sports, few events command as much admiration and sheer determination as the biking marathon.     

Combining the raw power of human athleticism with the spirit of adventure, these epic cycling challenges push participants to their physical and mental limits, forging lasting memories and inspiring tales of triumph. 


Whether you’re a seasoned cyclist seeking a new conquest or an aspiring athlete eager to embark on an unforgettable journey, this article will guide you through the ins and outs of a biking marathon and provide valuable strategies to position yourself for a shot at claiming victory on the grandest stage. 

So, fasten your helmet, tighten your grip on the handlebars, and prepare to learn how to win big in the ultimate test of endurance and resilience.

What is a Biking Marathon

Biking Marathon

A biking marathon, also known as a cycling marathon or a bike race, is a long-distance bicycle event that tests the endurance and skill of participants. It typically involves a set route or course that spans a significant distance, ranging from 50 kilometers (31 miles) to several hundred kilometers (over 100 miles). 

Participants compete against each other or challenge themselves to complete the course within a specific time limit.

Biking marathons can take various forms and are organized at different levels, from local community events to large-scale international competitions. They often attract both amateur and professional cyclists who are passionate about the sport and enjoy the challenge of pushing their limits.

These marathons can be held on different types of terrain, including road races, off-road or mountain bike races, and multi-stage races like the Tour de France. Some events may have specific themes or features, such as gravel races, endurance events, or charity races.

Participants in biking marathons require physical fitness, cycling skills, and the ability to sustain long hours of pedaling. They may ride individually or as part of a team, depending on the event format. 

Safety measures, including support vehicles, aid stations, and medical assistance, are typically provided to ensure the well-being of participants throughout the course.

Biking marathons not only promote physical fitness and healthy competition but also often serve as fundraising platforms for charitable causes. These events bring together cyclists of different backgrounds and abilities, fostering a sense of camaraderie and a shared passion for cycling.

What is a Cross-Country Bike Marathon

A Cross-Country Bike Marathon, also known as XCM, is a type of bike marathon characterized by its relatively short distance. These marathons involve mountain bike races that span approximately 25 miles (40 km). 

Interestingly, this distance is equivalent to that of a traditional running marathon, making it the most comparable in terms of overall length.

Cross-Country Bike Marathons entail highly demanding mountain bike races where participants compete against each other for rankings while navigating an arduous course. These races typically take place in steep mountainous terrain, presenting a significant challenge to the participants.

What is a Century in Cycling

A century ride in cycling refers to completing a 100-mile (or 160 km) bike ride. Cyclists often take part in century rides outside of competitive settings, although they can also be challenging races. The term “century” is widely recognized as an unofficial bike marathon.

A century ride is frequently regarded as the optimal and fairest comparison to a true marathon (which covers 25 miles) in the realm of cycling. 

This is supported by research indicating that the energy expended during four miles of cycling is similar to that expended during one mile of running, thereby equating the required effort.

What is Ultra-Distance Cycling

Ultra-distance cycling pushes the boundaries of bike marathons by venturing into new extremes. The concept of “ultra-distance cycling” encompasses events that surpass the distance of a century (100 miles).

Although some of these events are competed in as races, they primarily involve challenging the clock, requiring cyclists to complete the distance within a specified time limit.

The distances covered in ultra-distance cycling events vary, ranging from slightly over a century to significantly longer distances spanning hundreds of miles. To prevent confusion, there are multiple event categories within the realm of ultra-distance cycling, such as audax cycling and randonneuring.

What is Audax Cycling

One of the primary variants of long-distance cycling is known as Audax cycling. This type of cycling event originated in France and continues to be popular there today.

Audax cycling stands out due to its extended distances, typically covering at least 124 miles/200 km. Participants undertake the race as a group and aim to complete it within a predetermined time limit rather than engaging in a competitive race.

During an Audax cycling event, participants typically ride together as a group, maintaining a collective pace and only pausing for breaks as a unit. In Audax cycling, success is determined by successfully completing the designated distance rather than by ranking or achieving a specific completion time.

What is Randonneuring in Cycling

Randonneuring is a variant of long-distance cycling that falls under the umbrella of Audax cycling. Similar to Audax cycling, randonneuring involves participants challenging the clock by racing distances of 124 miles (200 km) or more.

However, randonneuring distinguishes itself from audax cycling by allowing individuals to travel independently rather than in a group. Participants have the freedom to form spontaneous groups and take breaks for meals or rest wherever they choose as long as they complete the required distance within the designated time frame.

In the realm of randonneuring, there exists an extreme form known as Super Randonnées, where participants undertake a mountainous trail spanning up to 373 miles (600 km)!

What is a Bike Marathon Distance

There is no fixed distance for a bike marathon, and various types of cycling marathons encompass vastly different distances.

The distances can span from 25 miles (40 km) to an astonishing 853 miles (1372 km), such as the Trans-Siberian Extreme, which holds the record as the world’s most extensive bike marathon.

How Long is a Bicycle Marathon [Determining Factors]

How long is a bike marathon, answering this question can be complex as it depends on factors like the type of bike, the race itself, and the rider’s category. However, let’s now delve into a comparison of popular cycling marathon distances in kilometers to observe their variations.

Traditional Road Races

A traditional road race is a lengthy competition conducted on paved roads, either with or without controlled traffic or safety measures. Typically, the course distance for amateur cyclists ranges from 30 to 60 miles, which can be considered akin to a cycling half marathon distance. 

These races may occur on closed routes or partially closed roads, featuring point-to-point racing. As participants progress through the initial categories, they will encounter longer races, with some spanning up to 150 miles in a single day. Traditional road race formats commonly include mass starts and time trials.

Stage Races

Stage races, often referred to as tours, are notable examples of formats like the Tour de France. These races take place over multiple stages, featuring mass starts, and occasionally incorporate time trial stages within the overall competition. 

Many stage races extend over a period of 23 days, including two rest days, covering a distance of up to 2,200 miles through 21 days of full riding.


Criteriums, also known as “Crit,” are races held on paved roads that are closed to traffic and equipped with safety precautions. The length of a crit is determined by the number of laps completed within a set time, typically an hour. Most laps are shorter than a mile, although the range can vary from half a mile up to six miles in total. 

Compared to traditional bike racing, crits are relatively shorter in distance. In crit racing, weight plays a lesser role, and the focus is on durability for intense racing. Consequently, bikes featuring carbon frames and aluminum forks, such as the Tommaso Monza, are favorable options.

Gravel Grinder

Gravel grinder races resemble traditional road races, but they take place on a combination of paved and gravel surfaces. It is crucial to carefully consider other factors such as bike type, tire selection, and other variables to handle the diverse road conditions. 

Gravel grinder races are a relatively recent concept, and many riders are still experimenting with hybrid, mountain, and road bikes equipped with wider tires to navigate the varying surfaces.


A typical cyclocross course consists of a loop spanning 1.5 to 2 miles, incorporating both paved and off-road surfaces. The terrain can range from flat to undulating, and elite races typically last for approximately an hour. 

There is ongoing debate regarding the need for specifically designed bikes for this type of racing. 

Cyclocross courses present challenges that require riders to dismount and carry their bikes through certain sections. Skilled riders may even execute “bunny hops” over man-made obstacles and muddy areas that are otherwise impassable. 

Participating in cyclocross provides an immensely enjoyable experience and an excellent workout.

Gran Fondos

Gran Fondos refer to road races falling within the range of 75 to 150 miles, depending on the specific competition. Most Gran Fondos encompass a distance of 100 miles and feature significant climbs along the route. Even shorter races covering half the distance can still pose a considerable challenge, particularly for novice riders.

A Bit About Stages of Marathon Bike Rides

During the initial stages of your century ride, the mental aspect becomes paramount. Feeling positive and confident about embarking on a 100-mile journey is essential, and it should be an endeavor you have adequately prepared and trained for. 

Ideally, you would have already completed regular rides of 50 miles, progressively increasing your distance closer to the century mark. However, cycling for a century presents its own unique dynamics.

If you speak with experienced marathon runners, they will emphasize the significant mental shift between a half-marathon and a full marathon. The marathon distance carries a certain level of prestige, which often leads us to overanalyze and overthink the task at hand.

It is crucial to avoid falling into the trap of overthinking. Overthinking can lead to difficulties and increase the risk of not performing up to the expectations you had set for yourself. Instead, focus on maintaining a positive mindset and enjoying the journey without undue pressure.

Being Bored Helps

Now, before you start to question why I am suggesting the idea of being bored as a good thing, let me provide an explanation.

It’s natural for people to feel a surge of excitement when undertaking a significant achievement such as cycling a marathon distance. The adrenaline rush that accompanies it can certainly be beneficial, but it can also have drawbacks.

When I refer to being bored, I actually mean maintaining a sense of calmness and avoiding excessive excitement. While it’s important to enjoy the ride and appreciate what you are accomplishing, staying in a state of relative boredom helps conserve energy.

By preventing your body and mind from being overwhelmed by the magnitude of the task, you ensure that some of your reserves are preserved. This becomes especially valuable later in your ride when you need to tap into those reserves.

So, while it may sound counterintuitive, adopting a somewhat boring state allows you to better manage your energy and access your reserve tank when necessary.

Pushing Hard Early is Bad

You may be familiar with the phenomenon known as hitting the wall, a dreaded experience where one feels incapable of carrying on. Even professional cyclists, who give their utmost effort, can find themselves desperately hanging on to continue.

This often occurs because individuals deplete their easily accessible energy stores. The body naturally prioritizes utilizing these readily available energy sources to sustain activity. However, once these stores are depleted, a problem arises.

This proves how crucial is proper pacing. Despite the desire to push hard, it is vital to be aware of your limits. In fact, it’s important to have a realistic understanding of your limits and slightly downplay them. This approach allows you to conserve energy and successfully reach your end goal.

The Middle Part of the Ride

While the initial part of a marathon distance requires careful pacing and avoiding an excessively fast start, the dynamics shift during the middle section of the ride.

As you approach the 50-mile mark, it’s likely that you will begin to feel the effects of the first half, depending on the intensity at which you started. However, this is where the mental aspect becomes crucial.

Once you surpass the 50-mile milestone, you find yourself on the downward slope of the distance. You have crossed the halfway point, and the remaining distance is now shorter than what you have already covered. This realization alone can be inspiring, helping to alleviate some of the fatigue you may be experiencing as you know the end is approaching.

At this juncture, I recommend adopting a mindset of viewing it as a 50-mile ride rather than focusing on completing a full marathon. Given your experience with numerous 50-mile rides, conquering this distance should feel relatively straightforward. Embrace this perspective.

Positive thoughts and motivation are paramount here. They serve as the driving force to propel you through the second half of the century ride. With the right mindset, you can overcome any challenges and reach your goal.

Breaking it Up a Marathon into Chunks

When tackling the second half of the ride, employing the strategy of dividing it into manageable chunks can have a significant impact. As I mentioned earlier, considering the second 50 miles as a separate ride in itself is helpful, but you can take this approach even further.

Many individuals find it beneficial to break the remaining distance into smaller segments, such as 10-mile intervals or two 25-mile rides. The key is to find a division that works best for you and suits your mental outlook.

This technique primarily focuses on the mental aspect of completing the ride. Breaking the distance into smaller chunks is often easier to grasp than attempting to gauge the time aspect. If you think of the ride as taking 5 hours, it can feel like an immense duration, even when breaking it down into one-hour increments.

By dividing the ride into manageable segments, you create a sense of accomplishment with each milestone reached. This boosts motivation and helps maintain a positive mindset throughout the remainder of the journey.

Dealing with Hydration during Marathon Cycle Rides

While maintaining hydration is essential throughout the entire ride, it assumes added significance in the latter portion.

As you progress, your body inevitably becomes dehydrated, necessitating extra replenishment to support the energy expenditure. However, there’s an aspect that can catch some people by surprise: hunger.

While consuming energy gels or other forms of nutrition during the ride can provide a boost, it’s important to recognize that dehydration can slow down digestion. This means that the energy gels or food you consume may take longer to be digested, resulting in feelings of hunger.

Distinguishing between hunger caused by dehydration and a genuine lack of food intake is key. 

By increasing your hydration levels, you can stimulate digestion and alleviate the hunger sensation. This will contribute to an overall improvement in how you feel during the ride. Remember to strike a balance between hydration and nutrition to optimize your performance.

The Final Stage Of The Marathon

As you reach the final stages of the century ride, an incredible phenomenon unfolds. Your brain grants you the ability to tap into your remaining reserves when it recognizes that the end is within reach.

This is often referred to as experiencing a “second wind,” where a surge of energy emerges to propel you toward the finish line. It’s your body’s way of acknowledging that it can unleash all its stored energy, knowing that a well-deserved rest awaits.

However, relying solely on your body is not enough. Your mental approach continues to hold significant sway during this phase.

Reminding yourself of the proximity to the finish line becomes a powerful motivator. It spurs you on to push beyond your previous limits. Additionally, the sense of accomplishment that awaits at the end serves as an additional boost, fueling your determination to cross that finish line.

It’s important to anticipate some degree of fading as you near the end. This is entirely natural and indicates that you have truly depleted your energy reserves.

Instead of worrying about the fading sensation, simply remind yourself of how close you are to achieving your goal. Keep your focus on the finish line, drawing inspiration from your proximity to the end.

Things You Must Know About Bike Marathons

Bike marathons, also known as cycling marathons or long-distance cycling events, are captivating endeavors that offer participants a unique blend of physical exertion, mental resilience, and unforgettable experiences. 

While many people are familiar with the basic concept of these challenging races, there are several intriguing aspects and lesser-known facts that make bike marathons even more fascinating. Here are a few things you might not know about bike marathons:

1. Diverse Terrain

Bike marathons take place on various terrains, ranging from smooth roads to rugged off-road trails. Some races traverse mountainous landscapes, challenging riders with steep ascents, exhilarating descents, and breathtaking vistas. 

Others may lead cyclists through urban environments or scenic countryside routes, each presenting its own set of obstacles and unique riding experiences.

2. Multiple Formats

Bike marathons come in different formats to suit different preferences and skill levels. Some races are solo endeavors where individual cyclists strive for personal glory. Others encourage teamwork, featuring relay-style events where teammates take turns cycling. 

Additionally, there are multi-stage races spanning several days, testing participants’ endurance over extended periods.

3. Gran Fondos

Gran Fondos are a popular subset of bike marathons that combine challenging routes with a non-competitive atmosphere. Originating in Italy, these events bring together cyclists of all abilities, from professionals to enthusiasts, to ride a designated course at their own pace. 

Gran Fondos emphasize camaraderie, personal achievement, and the celebration of cycling rather than focusing solely on competition.

4. Aid Stations and Support

Bike marathons often include strategically placed aid stations along the route. These stations provide cyclists with water, snacks, mechanical assistance, and medical aid if needed. The support staff ensures participants can stay fueled, hydrated, and safe throughout the race.

5. Time Cut-offs

To ensure the smooth execution of bike marathons and prioritize participant safety, organizers often implement time cut-offs. These are predetermined checkpoints along the route that cyclists must reach within a specified time. Failing to meet these cut-offs may result in disqualification.

6. Community and Festivities

Bike marathons bring together a vibrant community of cycling enthusiasts, fostering a sense of camaraderie and shared passion. Many races organize pre-event expos, post-race celebrations, and social activities, creating a festive atmosphere that extends beyond the race itself. 

These events offer opportunities for participants to connect, share stories, and forge lasting friendships.

Charitable Causes: Several bike marathons serve as fundraising platforms, supporting charitable organizations and causes. Participants often seek sponsorships and donations, leveraging their cycling efforts to raise awareness and funds for a wide range of charitable endeavors.

How Can You Prepare for a Bike Marathon

Preparing for a cycle marathon requires a combination of physical training, mental preparation, and logistical considerations. Here are some essential steps to help you effectively prepare for a bike marathon:

1. Set Clear Goals

Determine your objectives for the marathon. Are you aiming to complete the race within a specific time, or is finishing the primary goal? Establishing clear goals will guide your training and help you stay motivated throughout the process.

2. Create a Training Plan

Develop a structured training plan that includes a combination of endurance rides, interval training, hill repeats, and recovery days. 

Gradually increase the duration and intensity of your rides to build stamina and improve your overall fitness level. Incorporate long rides to simulate the distance of the marathon and get accustomed to spending extended periods on the bike.

3. Focus on Strength and Conditioning

Include strength and conditioning exercises in your training routine. Strengthening your core, upper body, and lower body muscles will enhance your overall power, stability, and endurance on the bike. Incorporate exercises such as squats, lunges, planks, and upper-body workouts into your regimen.

4. Practice Fueling and Hydration Strategies

Train your body to efficiently fuel and hydrate during long rides. Experiment with different energy gels, bars, and electrolyte drinks to find what works best for you. Practice consuming these products during training rides to optimize your nutrition and hydration strategy for race day.

5. Test Your Equipment

Ensure your bike is in proper working condition by performing regular maintenance checks. Test your equipment, including brakes, gears, tires, and suspension, to avoid any unforeseen mechanical issues during the marathon. 

Familiarize yourself with any rules or restrictions related to equipment and make necessary adjustments or upgrades as needed.

6. Practice Pacing and Race Strategies

Familiarize yourself with the course profile and study elevation maps to develop effective pacing and race strategies. Determine when to push your limits, conserve energy, and strategize your efforts to tackle challenging sections of the course. 

Simulate race scenarios during training rides to refine your strategies and mentally prepare for the marathon.

7. Get Sufficient Rest and Recovery

Allow your body ample time to rest and recover between training sessions. Incorporate rest days into your training plan to prevent overtraining and reduce the risk of injury. Prioritize sleep, nutrition, and self-care to optimize your recovery and ensure you arrive at the marathon feeling fresh and energized.

8. Join Group Rides and Seek Support

Participate in group rides or connect with fellow cyclists who are also preparing for the marathon. Group rides offer opportunities to gain experience riding in a pack, practice drafting techniques, and learn from more experienced riders. 

Seek advice and support from the cycling community, both online and offline, to enhance your training and preparation.

9. Familiarize Yourself with Race Logistics

Understand the logistics of the marathon, including the start time, location, parking, and registration requirements. Plan your travel arrangements in advance and familiarize yourself with the rules and regulations of the event. 

This will help reduce any last-minute stress and allow you to focus on your performance.

10. Mental Preparation and Visualization

Cultivate a positive mindset and visualize yourself successfully completing the marathon. Mental preparation is crucial for overcoming challenges and maintaining motivation during the race. 

Practice visualization techniques that help you stay focused, manage fatigue, and overcome any obstacles that may arise.

Remember, the key to preparing for a bike marathon is consistency, discipline, and gradual progression. Listen to your body, adapt your training as needed, and enjoy the journey of pushing your limits as you work towards accomplishing your marathon goals.

Final Thoughts About Cycling Marathon 

Now you have a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to conquer a cycling marathon distance. I’ve covered not only the distance itself but also provided valuable tips on how to accomplish it and what to anticipate from your body.

However, it’s essential to recognize that reaching the point where you can successfully complete this distance requires training. It’s not something to dive into without preparation, hoping to cover 100 miles in one go.

Undoubtedly, achieving a cycling marathon distance is a remarkable accomplishment, and I have full confidence that with the right amount of dedication and training, you can reach that milestone. 

Furthermore, once you have conquered it, why not challenge yourself to even greater achievements? The possibilities are endless when you push your limits and continue to set new goals.

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Biking Marathon — Frequently Asked Questions

What are Iron Man and Cycling Marathons?

The Ironman race embodies the essence of a marathon by incorporating it into each of the three disciplines: swimming, cycling, and running. In the Ironman race, the running stage covers a full marathon distance of 26.2 miles.

The cycling stage comes close to the 100-mile mark, with most competitions setting it at 112 miles. Overall, the Ironman race aligns well with the notion that approximately 100 miles of cycling is equivalent to a 26-mile running marathon.

What is the Aim of a Marathon?

The objective of completing a 100-mile cycling marathon is similar to its running counterpart: it’s meant to be challenging. The purpose is to push the limits of both your body and mind by venturing into new distances. 

This achievement is intended to be a milestone to strive for. It requires dedication and substantial effort. Setting the goal of covering 100 miles is not something everyone can accomplish, and that is precisely why it is a worthy aspiration.

What Happens to the Body When Riding a Century?

When participating in a bicycle marathon, the body undergoes various physiological changes. Initially, the cardiovascular system intensifies, increasing heart rate and blood flow to deliver oxygen and nutrients to working muscles. 

The breathing rate rises to meet the increased demand for oxygen. Muscles are continuously engaged, leading to improved strength and endurance. The body also releases endorphins, providing a sense of euphoria and reducing pain perception. 

However, prolonged exertion can cause fatigue, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, muscle soreness, and potential injuries. Adequate training, hydration, nutrition, and rest are crucial for optimal performance and recovery.

How Many Miles is 1 Hour of Cycling?

The number of miles you can cycle in one hour depends on several factors, including your speed and fitness level. On average, a moderately fit cyclist can cover a distance of approximately 15 to 20 miles in one hour of cycling. 

However, it’s important to note that this is just an estimate, and individual performance can vary significantly. 



I am a passionate, adventurous cyclist and my biking philosophy is to have fun, I felt the need to share my knowledge and learn more about bikes. I always ensure I adhere to all road rules. I hope that you will give biking a try. It’s a great way to get fit and have fun.

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